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National Curriculum for English


Purpose of Study

English has a pre-eminent place in education and in society. A high-quality education in English will teach pupils to speak and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others, and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, pupils have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Literature, especially, plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know. All the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society; pupils who do not learn to speak, read and write fluently and confidently are effectively disenfranchised.



The overarching aim for English in the national curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written language, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. The national curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • read easily, fluently and with good understanding
  • develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
  • acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
  • write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
  • use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
  • are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate

Below are word documents to show the New National Curriculum Content in all year groups for English.

If you would like further information about the National Curriulum for English click on the link below. This link will also take you to the English Appendix 1: Spelling and English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation mentioned in the word documents above.



We aim for our children to develop a neat, legible, speedy handwriting style using continuous, cursive letters. 

Phonics and Reading


All our Oaks children (EYFS and KS1) take part in a 20 minute daily phonics session. The children are assessed and split into 2 groups so that children are taught within the appropriate phase.  Assessment is continuous and children will be moved between the groups as they are ready. Any children needing extra phonics support will have extra booster sessions.


Children are taught how to break down words into their individual sounds in order to read and how to put sounds together for writing. The main scheme used to teach phonics in school is Read Write Inc. and this is heavily supplimented by Phonics Play which parents can also engage with. 


KS2 children who still require phonics input will be taught in small groups with their peers.


Year 1 children will take a phonics screening check in June. Below gives some more information about the screening check:


Phonics Screening Check

At the end of year 1 all pupils are required to take the 'Phonics Screening Check' as set out by the Department for Education (DfE). If children do not achieve the required standard they are required to re-take the test at the end of year 2. 


The checks consist of 40 words and non-words (alien words) that your child will be asked to read one-on-one with a teacher. Non-words (or nonsense words, or pseudo words) are a collection of letters that will follow phonics rules your child has been taught, but don’t mean anything – your child will need to read these with the correct sounds to show that they understand the phonics rules behind them.


The 40 words and non-words are divided into two sections – one with simple word structures of three or four letters, and one with more complex word structures of five or six letters. The teacher administering the check with your child will give them a few practice words to read first – including some non-words – so they understand more about what they have to do. Each of the non-words is presented with a picture of a monster / alien, as if the word were their name (and so your child doesn't think the word is a mistake because it doesn't make sense!).


Parents will be informed of the results with the annual school report.




You will be invited into school to see us teaching phonics at regular intervals during the school year. If you have missed our two phonics workshops for parents held so far and would like further information or support, please pop in and have a chat with Miss Wholey or Mrs Evers.


The school uses the reading scheme Oxford Reading Tree and again this is supplimented with a wide range of other scheme books and reading materials. 



At Tansley Primary School, children are encouraged to read at home every day.


In the KS1 stage, children may begin by taking home wordless books, to allow them to spend time talking to a parent about the book, without being constrained by the necessity to read words. Once children have a good understanding of how books work and have gained some phonic knowledge, they begin to read books containing simple words which can be blended or sounded out. 


The reading books used throughout school are colour banded and, as children become more confident and able readers, they will take home books from different colour bands, up until they get to higher KS2, then children may become 'unbanded readers'- having more free-rein on their book choices (but also checked by a teacher to make sure the book is suitable for the child).


The books in the first few colour bands are primarily phonics based, allowing children to apply their phonics knowledge. Once children become fluent readers, a range of books is provided to allow children to engage in more lengthy discussions about the content of the book. All children are also encouraged to foster a love of books through the use of the two well stocked libraries, in the KS1 and KS2 areas of school. 


Your child should be able to tell you which colour book band they are on and all books are clearly marked with a coloured sticker, (we follow the Oxford reading scheme) and children are read with in school, frequently so that we can assess their reading ability and whether they are at right colour stage.

Phonics Practise

We write letters in lentils
We write letters in sand
During free choice children work on their phonics
We write on our whiteboard
Fred the Frog helps them
Our tuff spot is sometimes filled with letters
We pracise in all sorts of media
Dare to dip in & pull out a sound from our swamp?
Click on the EYFS link below to find out more about the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum. Also find guidance on how you can support your child at home.

Here are some more ideas for how you can support your child at home.


  • Go check out the SQUEEBLES SPELLING app on the iPad! It is such a fun way to get your child practising and learning their weekly spellings. It can be used from EYFS up to Year 6 as parents/teachers set the spelling tests for the children. The children then earn stars which they can trade in for squeeberangs, they also win squeebles and can play a game of squeeberang at the end of each test!! It is so much fun!!!!

Ipad apps to support reading and literacy

Literacy Displays in School